Admiral Christie having gotten through the first round of questioning, it was now Commander Crowley’s turn.
As soon as Christie had withdrawn, Crowley took the stand voluntarily to relate the information he had concerning the Robalo.
“Sergeant Pasqual de la Cruz, Philippine Army, USAFFE, whim I encountered at the Guerilla outpost at Cap Buliluyan, informed me on August 21st that he had recently returned from a reconnaissance trip to Balabac Island, This trip was made to verify a tumor that some Americans had been captured there. He received the following information which he told me. The USS Robalo was sunk by an explosion in the forward battery on 3 July 1944. The reported position of the vessel at the time of the explosion was forty miles west of Balabac Island. There were four survivors of Robalo who were found on the beach of Comiran Island. From his story, of which the facts are not clear, I arrived at three possible solutions as to the fate of hte survivors: (1) that the four were surprised on the beach and jumped up, two escaped and two were captured: (2) in the foregoing event, two were captured and two were shot; (3) in the foregoing even all four were captured and two were deliberately shot after capture. The names of the two survivors made prisoner were purported to me as Lieutenant Tucker and quartermaster Martin. One of the others apparently was the commanding officer of the Robalo, and no information exists or was given to me as to the identity of the fourth The reason for the conflicting stories as to the fate of the survivors is that Sergeant de la Cruz received the information from difference sources. One other thing that he also told me, that the Robalo departed Port Darwin on a date late in June, I which I do not remember correctly. I believe it was the 29th. Apparently, it came from a survivor. The two prisoners are reported to have been sent to the Japanese prison camp at Puerto Princesa, Palawan. This is all of the information that I have.”
Next up was all the information about the Flier’s final hours, and from this, as well as the previous statement that both Flier and Robalo were recommended to follow Crevalle’s route through Balabac/Natsubata, we can reconstruct what happened.
Crowley stated that he was on the bridge and Lt. Casey was the OFficer of the Deck, however, he, Crowley, had the Conn. This is significant because the Conn, or control of the engines and rudder, is usually the job of the Junior Officer of the Deck, in this case, Al Jacobson. Technically speaking, Crowley revealed in that moment that he was unnecesary on the bridge, since there was an Officer of the Deck (OOD) Casey, and Junior Officer of the Deck (JOOD), Jacobson. However, since the Captain is ultimately responsible for his boat, and this was going to be a tricky passage, it wasn’t considered that unusual that Crowley was on deck. His having the Conn meant that he was responsible for the speed and directino of the boat, not Jacobson. It’s quite possible that Crowley took the Conn because Jacobson was several feet away from the OOD and the Bridge hatch, through which he could talk to the Navigator, Liddell, whereas, Captain Crowley was sitting just over the bridge hatch and next to the OOD.
He was then asked how many lookouts he had posted. He had four officers, two forward, two aft, on the bridge, four enlisted lookouts overhead in the periscope shears, the navigator and quartermaster were in the Conning Tower not Control Room (one floor below), on operator on the battle station radar, another radar tracking operator, someone on soundgear and Sonar (same station), and the radar detector was manned.
He named those one each level, though, when it came to the conning tower, not who was at what station. Those who survived would report their own positions, and a few would report on someone else’s position, though they did not do so unless asked.
The four men on the periscope shears were Wes Miller, Earl Baumgart, Gerald Madeo, and Eugene Heller. On the Bridge with Crowley were Casey (OOD), Jacobson, (JOOD), Lt Bill Reynolds, and Ens. Phil Mayer. Inside the Conning Tower manning the various pieces of technology were Lt. Liddell (navigator), Lt. Paul Knapp, Art Howell, Don Tremaine, James Dello Russo, and Charles Pope. Earl Hudson was Chief of the Watch in the Control Room beneath.
And so now we have the set up. Looking at the line up of those who were on duty the moment Flier went down there are some interesting items.
They were officer heavy. According to Jacobson, Ens. Beahr was on duty at the maptable in the Control Room, leaving only Ens. Miner unaccounted for. With nearly half of the officers exposed outside and the rest in the center of the ship, Crowley was running the risk that a good gun battle could make an ensign or a lieutenant the CO of Flier in case of a shore gun attack, which was possible. If something happened to pierce the skin of the Conning Tower and straife the deck, the men in the Control Room could, potentially, dive, sealing off the Conning Tower, drowning all within. It had happened before, (on other boats) and the men were trained to do it if necessary.
Next up, the other Flier crewmemebers, who are currently waiting in the passage outside the improvised courtroom, give their accounts of that night.